One of my SQL Job failed with Error and the failure was due to an issue with SSIS Package.
There are multiple reasons when this error occurs but I just share the approach and one of the examples:
Do you want the component to fix these errors automatically?
When you try to open impacted component you will receive an error and you will be asked if you want to allow this error to be fixed automatically. Press Yes… This will fix the problem in most of the scenarios.
Edit the Source and check what the columns your SQL Command is pulling are. It is possible that few or all of the columns are missing resulting this error. I recommend to execute the same command on SSMS and check if it returns expected columns or not.